Webster's New International Dictionary, Second Edition

Canadian Law Dictionary.

A; B; C; D; E; F; G & H; I; J; L; M; N; O; P; Q; R; S; T; U; V; W;

 

Jactitation:
A false boast designed to increase standing at the expense of another.

J. D.:
Abbreviation for "juris doctor" or "doctor of jurisprudence" and the formal name given to the university law degree in the United States.

Joint and Several Liability:
The liability of more than one person for which each person may be sued for the entire amount of the damages.

Joint Custody:
A child custody decision which means that both parents share joint legal custody and joint physical custody.

Joint Tenancy:
The situation where two or more persons are equally owners of a property.

Judgement:
A formal decision, sentence or Order of a Court of Justice.

Judgement Proof:
A term to describe assets protected from being seized by a creditor. i.e. assets a creditor cannot seize by going to court and getting a judgement. These protected assets are also the bankruptcy exemptions (equity in assets that can be retained in a bankruptcy).

Judicial Review:
When a court decision is appealed, it is known as an "appeal." But there are many administrative agencies or tribunals which make decisions or deliver government services of one sort or another, the decisions of which can also be "appealed." In many cases, the "appeal" from administrative agencies is known as "judicial review".

Jure:
Latin, from Roman law: by right, under legal authority or by the authority of the law.

Jurisdiction:
Refers to a court's authority to judge over a situation.

Jurisprudence:
Technically, jurisprudence means the "science of law".

Jury:
A group of citizens randomly selected from the general population who decide on the merits of a legal case.

Jus:
Latin: word which, in Roman law, meant the law or a right.

Jus Spatiandi Et Manendi:
Latin: referring to a legal right of way, and to enjoyment, granted to the public but only for the purposes of recreation or education, such as upon parks or public squares.

Justice:
Fairness. A state of affairs in which conduct or action is both fair and right, given the circumstances.

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