Webster's New International Dictionary, Second Edition

Canadian Law Dictionary.

A; B; C; D; E; F; G & H; I; J; L; M; N; O; P; Q; R; S; T; U; V; W;


Oath:
A solid affirmation to tell the truth, oftentimes sworn in front of a Notary or Commissioner for Taking Oaths.

Obiter Dictum:
Latin: an observation by a judge on a matter not specifically before the court or not necessary in determining the issue before the court; a side opinion which does not form part of the judgment for the purposes of stare decisis May also be referred to as "dicta" or "dictum."

Obligee:
The person who is to receive the benefit of someone else's obligation; that "someone else" being the obligor. Also called a "promisee." Some countries refer to the recipient of family support as an "obligee".

Obligor:
A person who is contractually or legally, committed or obliged, to providing something to another person; the recipient of the benefit being called the obligee. Also known as the "promisor."

Obstructing Justice:
An act which tends to impede or thwart the administration of justice.

Offence:
A crime; any act which contravenes the criminal law.

Offer:
A explicit proposal to contract which, if accepted, completes the contract and binds both the person that made the offer and the person accepting the offer to the terms of the contract. See also "acceptance".

Official Receiver:
A person deemed to be an officer of the Court who reports to the Superintendent of Bankruptcy and performs duties as specified by the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act.

Ombudsman:
A person whose occupation consists of investigating customer complaints against his or her employer. Many governments have ombudsmen who will investigate citizen complaints against government services.

Omnibus Bill:
A draft law before a legislature which contains more than one substantive matter, or several minor matters which have been combined into one bill.

Onus:
Latin: the burden. It is usually used in the context of evidence. The onus of proof in criminal cases lies with the state.

Open-Ended Agreement:
An agreement or contract which does not have an ending date but which will continue for as long as certain conditions, identified in the agreement, exist.

Order:
A command of a Court or Judge.

Order Absolute:
A judgment or decree that is free from restriction or limitation.

Orderly Payment of Debts:
A scheme governed by Provincial Court to allow a debtor to pay his debts in accordance with the sections under Part X of the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act.

Ordinance:
This term is in disuse in many jurisdictions and the words "regulations" or "bylaws" are preferred.

Out-of-Court Settlement:
An agreement between two litigants to settle a matter privately before the Court has rendered its decision.

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