Webster's New International Dictionary, Second Edition

Canadian Law Dictionary.

A; B; C; D; E; F; G & H; I; J; L; M; N; O; P; Q; R; S; T; U; V; W;

 

 

Vesting Order:
An Order by the Court that gives to a person, possession, control or title of property.

Verba Fortius Accipiuntur Contra Proferentem:
Latin: a principle of construction whereby if words of a contract are ambiguous, of two equally possible meanings, they should be interpreted against the author of the words and not against the other party.

Verdict:
The decision of a jury. In criminal cases, this is usually expressed as "guilty" or "not guilty".In a civil case, the verdict would be a finding for the plaintiff or for the defendant.

Vexatious:
An act done by a person in order to annoy, embarrass or otherwise aggravate that person.

Videlicet:
Latin for "to wit" or "that is to say." "Viz.", which is the abbreviation of videlicet, is much more commonly used.

Vienna Code:
Vienna Code is an international Classification system to categorize Trade-mark design by its figurative elements.

Vienna Classification:
Constitutes a hierarchical system that proceeds from the general to the particular, dividing all figurative elements into Categories, Divisions and Sections. For example, the “hands” is a figurative element with the Vienna code 2.9.14 which the category is 2, the division is 9 and the section is 14.

Vis:
An abbreviation of the Latin word videlicet. Short for "namely" or "that is to say."

Vicarious Liability:
When a person is held responsible for the tort of another even though the person being held responsible may not have done anything wrong. This is often the case with employers who are held vicariously liable for the damages caused by their employees.

Vir:
Latin: man or husband. Vir et uxor censentur in lege una persona is an old (and long abandoned in most countries) legal principle meaning that man and wife are considered to be one person in law.

Void or Void ab Initio:
Not legally binding.

Voidable:
The law distinguishes between contracts which are void and those which are voidable. Some contracts have such a latent defect that they are said to be void (see definition of "void" above). Other have more minor defects to them and are voidable at the option of the party victimized by the defect. For example, contracts signed by a person when they are totally drunk are voidable by that person upon recovering sobriety.

Voir Dire:
A mini-hearing held during a trial on the admissibility of contested evidence.

Volenti Non Fit Injuria:
Voluntary assumption of risk. A defence in tort that means where a person engages in an event accepting and aware of the risks inherent in that event, then they can not later complain of, or seek compensation for an injury suffered during the event.

Voting Letter:
A document in which a proven creditor registers his vote for or against the acceptance of a proposal.

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