NapoleonThe Napoleon Code - Civil Code

The Napoleon Code - Civil Code was introduced by Napoleon at the beginning of the 19th century and changed the political lives of all the states of continental Europe.

The Napoleon Code - Civil Code. introduced the concept of a unified, logical system based on general principles of law, thereby exporting the ideas of the French Revolution beyond French borders, to enemies and allies alike.

The Napoleon Code - Civil Code - Decreed 5th of March, 1803

Article 1. The laws are executory throughout the whole French territory, by virtue of the promulgation thereof made by the first consul.

They shall be executed in every part of the republic, from the moment at which their promulgation can have been known.

The promulgation made by the first consul shall be taken to be known in the department which shall be the seat of government one day after the promulgation; and in each of the other departments, after the expiration of the same interval augmented by one day for every ten myriameters between the town in which the promulgation shall have been made, and the chief place of each department.

The Code's final draft was divided into three main sections (Of Persons, Of Property and Different Modifications of Property, Of the Different Modes of Acquiring Property) and contained a total of 2,287 articles. It was issued as the French Civil Code in 1804.

The Napoleon Code - Civil Code - The Need for a Code of Laws

France's need for a single, unified code of laws had been keenly felt even before the collapse of the ancient regime. Southern France had inherited Roman law, northern France was ruled by a system based on Teutonic customary law. The two systems were fundamentally different. The laws differed not only from province to province but from town to town. Nor were the laws always rational. Louis XIV, the Sun King, had summed up his approach to lawmaking with his famous phrase "It is legal because I wish it."

Prior to the French Revolution, laws based on the monarch'sn wish were the standard custom throughout continental Europe.

The Napoleon Code - Civil Code - Lasting Effects of the Code

Despite some elements of French cultural imperialism within the Code, such as article eight, which states Every Frenchman shall enjoy civil rights, most of the tenets of the Code could be easily exported beyond French borders. Under Napoleon's leadership, the Empire of the French extended its influence over most of continental Europe. Whereas some areas, such as the Low Countries, Switzerland, Dalmatia, northern Italy and western Germany were annexed to France, other countries were made client states or French allies.

Feudalism, the system of financial and judicial privileges under which most of continental Europe had existed for centuries, was near universal at the beginning of Napoleon's reign, and practically non-existent at the end.

Within France itself, the Code survived virtually unaltered for more than 150 years, and even today has not been fundamentally changed. In many ways, the Code was the most enduring legacy of the French Revolution.

The Napoleon Code - Civil Code - The Civil Code in Canada

The Quebec Act (1774) established that property and civil rights were to be resolved by reference to the French law that had been in force. The Quebec Act also established that for criminal law, the law of England would apply.

Quebec later adopted the Civil Code, except for criminal law, and the Code is still in effect in Quebec today.



Find us at Google + https://plus.google.com/+EarlSands/posts?rel=author

Directory



Home

Canadian Law News

Lawyer Locator

Twitter Facebook Google +


Free Lawyer Listing

logoModern Law:

Law Overview

Dictionary

Aboriginal

Abortion

Administrative

Admiralty/
Maritime


Adoption


Agriculture

Antitrust/
Trade

Appellate Practice

Arbitration/
Dispute Resolution


Aviation/
Aerospace


Banking/
Business

Banking Access

Bankruptcy/
Insolvency

Bankruptcy History

Clarity Act

Communications

Constitutional

Construction

Consumer Protection

Contracts

Corporate

Criminal

Dating Violence

Dealing with Lawyers

Debt Collection

Divorce

Elder Law

Employment & Labour

Environmental

Family

Family Violence

Finance

Franchises

Fraud

Good Samaritan Laws


Government

Gun Laws

Hate Laws

Health & Medical

Human/Civil Rights

Information Technology

Immigration

Impaired Driving

Insurance

Intellectual Property

International

International Trade

Investments

Jury Duty

Legal Malpractice

Libel & Slander

Medical Malpractice

Mergers/
Acquisitions

Military

Paternity-Testing


Personal Injury

Poverty Law

Privacy & Access to Information

Products Liability

Professional Liability

Real Estate

Sharia Law

Snowbirds

Stalking

Starting a Business

Steps in a Lawsuit

Taxation

Transportation

Trusts & Estates

Unions

Whistleblowers

Wills And Probate

Witnesses

Workers Compensation


Young Offenders

Canadian Law Apps

logoAncient Law to the Present:

Hammurabi's Code

10 Commandments

Ancient Greece

Ancient Rome

Christian Influence

Justinian's Code

Magna Carta

Royal Proclamation 1763

Code Napoleon

British North America Act

Constitution Act, 1982

logoLegal Organizations:

Bar Associations

Courts

Governments

Law Schools

Law Societies

Legal Aid

logoLawyers:

Business Lawyers

Criminal Lawyers

Employment / Wrongful Dismissal Lawyers

Family / Divorce Lawyers

Immigration Lawyers

Impaired Driving Lawyers

Insolvency Lawyers

Personal Injury Lawyers

Real Estate Lawyers

Wills Estate Lawyers

List your Law Firm

Publish your Articles

logoDirectory:


Send to a Friend


Privacy Policy

About us